# Macroeconomics

Homework Assignment #

2

CHAPTER 7

Question

1

. Is the value of a house built in

200

0 and resold in 2008 included in the GDP of 2008? Why or

why not? Would the services of the real estate agent who helped sell (or buy) the house in 2008 be counted in GDP for 2008? Why or why not?

Question 2. What components of GDP (if any) would each of the following transactions affect? Explain.

a. A family buys a new refrigerator.

b. A firm buys

50

new robots for one of its existing plants.

Question 3. Below are some data from the land of milk and honey.

1

2

100

2

200

100

 Year Price of Milk (\$) Quantity of Milk (Quarts) Price of Honey (\$) Quantity of Honey (Quarts) 2005 1 100 2 50 2006 200 2007 4

a. Compute nominal GDP, real GDP and the GDP price index for each year, using 2005 as the base year.

Question 4. Use the data in the following table to calculate the GDP price index for each year (values are in billions of dollars).

Year

2005

2006

 Nominal GDP Real GDP 2002 10,470 10,049 2003 10,961 10,301 2004 11,713 10,704 12,456 11,049 13,247 11,415

a. Calculate the GDP price index for each year.

Question 5. If the quantity of final goods and services produced decreased, could real GDP increase?

Could nominal GDP increase? If so, how?

CHAPTER 9

Question 6. The Bureau of Labor Statistics announced that in July 2005, of all adult Americans,

142,076,000 were employed, 7,497,000 were unemployed, and 76,580,000 were not in the labor force. Use this

information to calculate:

a. the labor force

c. the unemployment rate

Question 7. A person’s nominal income rises from \$20,000 to \$24,000, and the CPI increases from 100 to 108. How much does real income rise/ fall?

Question 8. Use the following data to calculate the Unemployment Rate.

Full-time employed         80

Part-time employed         25

Unemployed                   15

Discouraged workers        5

CPI                              117.4

Question 9. If the CPI was 184.6 in 2003 and 190.6 in 2004, what is the inflation rate for 2004?

Question 10. If the Unemployment Rate is 7.6% and there are 8.4 million people officially unemployed, how many people are in the labor force?

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