How successful have international agreements on limiting greenhouse gases been in general (e.g., why was the Montreal Protocol of 1987 a success, whereas the ability to cap global greenhouse gas emissions by a binding treaty has met with less success?)?
Incidentally, international agreements on climate change and or limiting greenhouse gases with each nation are challenged with limited success because every country has its own geopolitical agenda and energy plan. Although, the Montreal Protocol of 1987 was successful due impart to the fact that all parties were on the same accord of preserving and lessening the GHG effects to the ozone layer. Thus, every nation and corporation positioned human survival at the forefront of profits and geopolitical agendas so actual international agreements were able to transpire and bring about real-time change.
The Montreal Protocol, signed in 1987 is one shining example of countries and companies coming together to limit and then end the production of harmful chemicals in order to preserve the ozone layer in the upper atmosphere (Module Notes, 2019).
With regards to why different supplementary international treaties on GHG emissions, which are not as successful as the Montreal Protocol of 1987, on the grounds that most industrialized nations foreign and domestic policies are wildly diverging from their global counterparts. Hence, many nations’ international interest in global affairs exclusively benefits that specific country; therefore, different climate goals configure a competing course of action within the global community. Thereupon, many international climate change accords that address the GHG produce low success rates.
International relations theory speaks to the difficulties of foregoing self-interest for the common good, implying there are elements of tragedy in preserving public good. In your view, is the current state of the international agreement on limiting greenhouse gas emissions tragic? Of the optimistic solutions put forward by Michael Bradshaw, Tim Wirth, Tom Daschle, and David Victor, which do you find most likely to succeed?
In discussions of greenhouse gas emissions, one controversial issue has been a global/ international Paris Agreement and the Trump administration withdrawing the US from the agreement making it quite difficult to forego international interest in the common good of stabilizing the ongoing effects of climate change. Admittedly, the current unfortunate facet in an international coalition in the common, good for climate change is the United Staes about-face in the global fellowship to combat the GHG that is contaminating the atmosphere because of everyday fossil fuel usage. Nevertheless, the countries that are signed on to the Paris Agreement have the potential to make a positive and lasting impact on the Earth ‘s ecosystem.
The Trump administration has formally notified the United Nations that the U.S. is withdrawing from the Paris climate agreement. The withdrawal will be completed this time next year after a one-year waiting period has elapsed. Thus, a formal withdrawal is reversible, however, if a future administration chooses to rejoin the Paris Agreement and pick up where the U.S. left off with its emissions reduction promises (Hersher, 2019).
Speaking about the multiple perspectives put forward by Michael Bradshaw, Tim Wirth, Tom Daschle, and David Victor is a very reasonable and thoughtful action plan to reduce current GHG and tackle climate change. However, I assert that only time will tell if smart cities, smart grids, net-zero communities, fossil fuel alternatives, and the Paris Agreement will produce the sustainable required results that reverse the long-term detrimental effects of climate change.
Hersher, R. ( 2019, November 4). The U.S. Formally Begins To Leave The Paris Climate Agreement. Retrieved from NPR: https://www.npr.org/2019/11/04/773474657/u-s-formally-begins-to-leave-the-paris-climate-agreement
Module Notes. (2019, N.D. N.D.). Module 7: Module Notes: National and International Governance of the Energy and Climate Dilemma. Retrieved from excelsior.instructure.com: https://excelsior.instructure.com/courses/13831/pages/module-7-module-notes-national-and-international-governance-of-the-energy-and-climate-dilemma?module_item_id=1253225